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Nursing Intervention for Infection

Risk for Infection

Definition:

Circumstances where an individual susceptible to the pathogenic and opportunistic agents (viruses, fungi, bacteria, protozoa, or other parasites) from external sources, the sources of exogenous and endogenous.

Nursing Intervention Risk for Infection
  1. Identification of individuals at risk of nosocomial infection.
    • Assessed against the predictor
      • Infection (pre surgery)
      • Abdominal or thoracic surgery
      • Operation over 2 hours
      • Procedures genitouranius
      • Instrumentation (ventilator, suction, catheter, nebulizer, tracheostomy, invasive monitoring tool)
      • Aestesia


    • Assess the factors that disrupt
      • Age younger than 1 year, or older than 65 years
      • Obesity
      • The conditions of the underlying disease (COPD, diabetes, cardiovascular disease)
      • Drug abuse
      • Nutritional status
      • Smokers

  2. Reduce the organisms enter the body
    • Wash hands carefully
    • Antiseptic techniques
    • Isolation
    • Necessary diagnostic or therapeutic procedures
    • Reduction of microorganisms that can be transmitted through the air.

  3. Protect individuals from infection immune deficit
    • Instruct individuals to request to all visitors and personnel to wash their hands before approaching the individual.
    • Limit visitors when possible
    • Limit invasive devices (IV, laboratory specimens) to really need it.
    • Teach individuals and family members for signs and symptoms of infection.

  4. Reduce individual vulnerability to infection
    • Encourage and maintain caloric intake and protein in the diets (see Changes in nutrition).
    • Monitor the use or overuse of antimicrobial therapy.
    • Give that has been prescribed antimicrobial therapy within 15 minutes of scheduled time.
    • Minimize the length of stay in hospital.

  5. Observe clinical manifestations of infection (eg, fever, cloudy urine, purulent drainage)

  6. Instruct individuals and families to know the causes, risks and the strength of transmission of infection.

  7. Report infectious diseases.
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